By liran bh | 5/16/2016 | Linux User Space

Using mmap read write

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#define FILEPATH "/tmp/mmapped.bin"
#define NUMINTS  (1000)
#define FILESIZE (NUMINTS * sizeof(int))
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
    int i;
    int fd;
    int result;
    int *map;  /* mmapped array of int's */
    /* Open a file for writing.
     *  - Creating the file if it doesn't exist.
     *  - Truncating it to 0 size if it already exists. (not really needed)
     * Note: "O_WRONLY" mode is not sufficient when mmaping.
    fd = open(FILEPATH, O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, (mode_t)0600);
    if (fd == -1) {
    perror("Error opening file for writing");
    /* Stretch the file size to the size of the (mmapped) array of ints
    result = lseek(fd, FILESIZE-1, SEEK_SET);
    if (result == -1) {
    perror("Error calling lseek() to 'stretch' the file");
    /* Something needs to be written at the end of the file to
     * have the file actually have the new size.
     * Just writing an empty string at the current file position will do.
     * Note:
     *  - The current position in the file is at the end of the stretched 
     *    file due to the call to lseek().
     *  - An empty string is actually a single '\0' character, so a zero-byte
     *    will be written at the last byte of the file.
    result = write(fd, "", 1);
    if (result != 1) {
    perror("Error writing last byte of the file");
    /* Now the file is ready to be mmapped.
    map = mmap(0, FILESIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
    if (map == MAP_FAILED) {
    perror("Error mmapping the file");
    /* Now write int's to the file as if it were memory (an array of ints).
    for (i = 1; i <=NUMINTS; ++i) {
    map[i] = 2 * i; 
    /* Don't forget to free the mmapped memory
    if (munmap(map, FILESIZE) == -1) {
    perror("Error un-mmapping the file");
    /* Decide here whether to close(fd) and exit() or not. Depends... */
    /* Un-mmaping doesn't close the file, so we still need to do that.
    return 0;

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